Best laid plans, part 2

After my little boo-boo with measurements, I purchased a new Wiska junction box from RS, this time with a little more width and the Sonoff relay fit perfectly! I also picked up some IP66 glands to help secure the wire from the LED strip.

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This junction box had a membrane covering each hole, so I pierced a hole in it and fed the table through. The gland then screwed into the threaded hole (what makes these Wiska boxes so great).

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I tightened it all up.

Sadly, I didn’t take any pictures of my SWA cable gland process as I did it at lunch time. This was the tricky part of my installation since it required a hacksaw. I found a great YouTube (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=epmxqFiD9JI)  video and followed that as best I could. I didn’t have the “glanding spanners” as recommended, but I made do with pliers. I do plan on using another armoured cable to connect to the other side of the garden, so I’ll take photos of that.

Anyway, with everything installed, I dropped the box in the garden.

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You can see the thick black SWA cable and the thin LED cable. I should point out that this is not the final resting place of this box!

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The lights look pretty nice in the snow and light the garden pretty well.

This weekend I plan on getting a few metres of SWA and using the small junction box to hook up the lights on the other side of the garden!

Best laid plans…

Wanted to work on my garden LED lighting project weekend. Unfortunately, I may have made a slight miscalculation with my measurements…

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I placed an other with RS for a replacement box, this time a little wider! If all else fails I can always take the circuit board out of the case and place it directly in the junction box, but I’d rather keep it housed.

I did manage to test it out though and the lighting is effective enough.

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Maybe next weekend?

 

WiFi enabling my porch light with a Sonoff Basic Smart Switch.

Having failed to read the warning regarding neutral wires, my attempt at using a Sonoff T1 Smart Switch to control my porch light went down in flames. My plan B was to try using a Sonoff Basic WiFi Smart Switch to perform the same job. My plan to put the relay between the ceiling rose and the bulb holder. It wouldn’t be pretty, but the aim was to test utility before spending £££ on proper smart switches etc.

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As you can see, my porch light is pretty standard.

First step, I turned off the power at the fuse box. Can’t stress this one enough. Don’t go near any mains electricity until you’ve isolated the power. Don’t just turn off the light switch!! I gathered all the parts and tools I’d need.

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I then disconnected the light bulb holder, removing the little red plastic thing and the curved lid.

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Using a short piece of flex, I connected the Smart Switch directly to the light bulb holder.

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Next, I connected the Smart Switch to the cable hanging from the ceiling!

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As it was hanging a bit low in the porch now, I created a loop and used two tie-wraps to hold it in place.

As it was all hooked up, I turned the power back on. Nothing started to smoke, so I knew I’d gotten that part done okay. The green light appeared on the relay and I started the pairing process. This involved holding down a black switch on the relay for a few seconds until the green light started flashing quickly.

I then launched the EWeLink app and hit the Add Device button. The process is straight forward. When you push the button down on the device, it creates its own WiFi network. You then connect to that WiFi network, enter details of your own WiFi network (SSID and password) and it then connects itself to your EWe account.

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Following the instructions, I found the Smart Switch’s WiFi point and connected.

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Once connected, the pairing process starts.

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After a few seconds, you’ll be able to control the device! I tapped on the power and, eh voila, the light came on.

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Job done!

Smart switches and the missing neutral!

As part of my learning and experimentation with Homekit and home automation, I recently picked up some Sonoff Basic Smart Switches. I’ve successfully installed one them outside, controlling a few metres of LED strip lighting.

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It’s pretty novel to turn it on and off via Alexa or from my iPhone, but to be honest, it’s not very practical. Flicking a switch is just than saying “Alexa, <pause> turn on the side alley light”. Pause. <click>. “Ok”.  Whilst voice control gives you flexibility (hands full etc.), 99% of the time the light switch is the king.

In my quest to check whether the smart home is practical, I wanted to try out a proper, in the wall, smart switch. I’d found a few companies such as Den Automation (who I’ve actually invested in, but who’s stuff isn’t on sale yet) and Lightwave RF, who make normal looking switches (normal from a UK style). The downside is that this stuff is expensive.

Taking Lightwave for example, a single Lightwave switch will run you £60. They also require a hub or bridge, which means an additional outlay of over £120 before you can even use the switch! Spending the bones of £200 just to check whether a smart switch is useful or useless is a bit much. I needed something cheaper to get me started!

Enter the Sonoff T1 WiFi lightswitch

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I dropped £31 and bought two switches, a two-gang and a three-gang. Aesthetically, I don’t find them appealing since they are just white and I hate touch buttons, preferring something that actually clicks.

I digress. The first step with any new light switch is to actually install it in your house. For me, I wanted to get the maximum value, so I opted to replace the three gang switch in my hallway. The hallway light switch operates the hall light, the porch light and the upstairs light. Three lights that are used pretty frequently.

I started by unscrewing the switch.

Then I stopped.

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There were more wires than I expected!! I knew the upstairs light and the hallway light were three-way switched, but the porch light isn’t.

The back of the T1 looks like this:

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I was going to need some professional help! Thankfully, as my father and two of my brothers are electricians, I could get *free* professional advice.

After getting a handle on the wiring, I realised that the T1 switches just wouldn’t work. No neutral connection was available. I mistakenly the blue wire to be neutral when it is switched live. I should have paid more attention when my father was teaching me this at age 15. I checked a few more of the switches and confirmed that there was no neutral in any of them.

The listing for the Sonoff switches on Amazon does indicate that a neutral is required, but since I mistook the blue switched-live for a neutral, I went ahead and bought them. I’ll be returning them.

This was a disappointment.

My main annoyance was that I’ve only had my house completely rewired last year. I was kicking myself because this should have been something I was aware of. That said, a lost of forum entries seem to indicate that most electricians won’t add a neutral that doesn’t connect to anything. Even if I did ask my electrician to add a neutral to each switch, he could very well have said no.

At this point, I took a step back. The Sonoff switches simply weren’t going to work.

The Lightwave RF stuff was too expensive for the purpose of playing around.

I needed a plan B. I decided to put one of the Sonoff Basic Smart Switch onto my porch light. This would mean leaving it switched on at the wall, but I figured that would be okay. I’ll do another post on that soon.